India is the second largest population in the world. India faces
discouraging water security challenges. The demands of a rapidly industrializing economy and urbanizing society come at a time when the potential for increase supply is limited and water issues have increasingly come to the fore.
The water problems of India has many aspects:
- Global warming has altered the rainfall pattern in India dramatically. Previously, average monsoon rainfall spanned 45 days. This number has now decreased to 22 days, with each monsoon having a smaller intensity of rain.
- Construction of dams, other hydroelectric projects, and water diversion for irrigation has led to systematically destroying large river ecosystems.
- India uses more groundwater than any other country in the world and groundwater exploitation has causes accelerated drying of aquifers.
- In addition to irrigation, groundwater exploitation has also resulted from rapid urbanization as well as extreme groundwater usage by soft drink companies.
- There are no proper guidelines available for usage of surface water and groundwater by different sectors and different states.
Innovative ways to solve India’s water crisis
- Solving this crisis means that each citizen must be aware of the crisis and take part in proper conservation, stopping water mis-usage, and eliminating usage of bottled water.
- Rainwater harvesting and recycled wastewater also allow to reduce scarcity and ease pressures on groundwater and other natural water bodies.
- Improving the sewage systems in specific areas is another way to prevent water scarcity from becoming any worse.
- Solar desalination and smart irrigation systems are great examples of clean technology for water efficiency and control.
- Provide necessary mechanisms for the protection and conservation of Water bodies/ Ponds, Forests, Groundwater, Rivers and streams.