There are local level quality problems faced by all rivers. This is due to the dumping of solid waste, bathing and discharge of pollutants. Water quality characteristics of wells in Kerala are found to be affected by chemical and biological contaminants. The ground water quality problems in the coastal areas are mainly because of the presence of excess chloride.
Here are some list of water problems in Kerala :
Sediments increases the cost of treating drinking water. It results in odor and taste problems. Sediments can block fish gills. It can reduce the resistance to disease. It can also affect the fish egg and larvae development.
Hard water is a common quality of water. Which contains dissolved compounds of calcium and magnesium. Hard water mostly affect in our daily life.
3. Water disinfection with chlorine.
Chlorine is a super effective agent in killing bacteria. When we drink chlorinated water, it will kill all the good bacteria in intestinal tract. Even if it is essential for good health. A small quantity of liquid and gas forms can be poisonous.
4. Iron content in water.
Human bodies requires iron to function properly. But iron is toxic at high dosages. However, you could not drink enough the water to consume toxic levels of iron.
5. Dissolved impurities.
Water impurities include dissolved and suspended solids. These particles usually communicate a visible turbidity to the water.